Exploratory study on how people saved and used information they encountered while reading. In particular "clipping".
It is important to understand which characteristics of reading on paper should be preserved, and which can be supplanted by new kind of interaction.
Clipping: intentionally saving portions of published material, both from paper and published materials.
20 participant: study in their home and offices. Different ages, gender and occupations. 60-90 minutes with each participant to enquire into their periodical reading.
Why people clip:
How people Clip
In a great number of format: photos, pages of magazine, whole magazines, newspaper sections, scrap of papers.
Time also varied a lot: some are temporary, some forever, some are forgot even if they are supposed to be temporary.
Barrier to Effective use
Significance of encounter and re-encounter
Encountered information is very different from information we actively sought. Therefore the interfaces and applications have different requirements.
Design implications of encountered information
Many existing tools and interfaces are developed from a perspective which assumes that information is sought when it is needed or collected for a task that is underway. But this perspective may conceal how people discover new things or use material they have found without a specific need in mind.
Also, once in info is encountered and saved, our current interfaces makes it easy to forget what we have saved.