[1] To simplify further references to "the Internet and the World-Wide Web," I will call this agglomeration "the Net."

[2] For example, at the Seminar on Cataloging Digital Documents sponsored by the Library of Congress, October 12-14, 1994.

[3] This notion of cataloging, it should be noted, is only one of the traditions of information organization that have developed in the modern era. In his forthcoming textbook, Library Cataloging and Bibliographic Control [16], Miksa identifies six such traditions, which he calls Bibliography, Library Cataloging, Indexing and Abstracting, Documentation/Information Science, Archival Enterprise, and Records Management. Although there are intellectual and historical relations among these traditions, each has a somewhat separate vocabulary, subject domain, and set of practices and institutions. It is the tradition Miksa calls Library Cataloging, which arose in conjunction with the modern library movement, that I have attempted to summarize here.

[4] AACR2, the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition [1], is the cataloger's "bible"; it sets forth the rules for cataloging materials in much of the English-speaking world.

[5] Manley does also say in the same column that "cataloging is still at the heart of librarianship, and . . . libraries are ultimately only as good as the bibliographic tools that catalogers develop to connect readers with resources."

[6] Leigh Star, I believe, has coined the term "nethnography" ("net ethnography") for observing practices over the Internet, as I have done with Autocat.

[7] Similar observations have been made about the work of "document coders" in a law firm [23].

[8] New unities, for example, can be quickly assembled from fragments [12].

[9] http://www.yahoo.com

[10] http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/stacks/alex-index.html

[11] http://www.bubl.bath.ac.uk/BUBL/catriona.html

[12] ftp://ftp.rsch.oclc.org/pub/internet_cataloging_project

[13] http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/seminar.html

[14] http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/conferences/metadata/metadta.html

[15] http://www.lib.virginia.edu/cataloging

[16] Human beings are inveterate list-makers. List-making is as old as writing. See Goody's essay, "What's in a list?" in [8].

[17] Buckland [4] argues convincingly that these notions should merge in the digital domain.